Egan’s Chapter 7 Study Guide:

1. 2 NBRC exams: written and clinical simulation

2. Benchmarking: valuable for each of the primary functions of RC managers, including planning, organizing, directing, and evaluating

3. Clinical decision support: systems that match the characteristics of individual patients and their clinical interventions, drugs, and diagnostic tests to databases of scientific evidence and drug calculations and generate tailored recommendations, reminders, or standing orders– instrumental in improving clinical outcomes of patients by determining optimal drug dosages.

4. Clinical Simulation Exam Objectives:

– interpret data

– recognize and prioritize problems

– make decisions

– observe consequences of decisions

– develop leadership skills

– develop interpersonal communication skills

– develop team-building skills

– use available resources

– manage stress and crisis

5. Cochrane Collaboration: website for research ensuring the effects of healthcare interventions are made available worldwide

6. Common functions of computer applications in research:

– data sources

– data collection

– statistical testing

– displaying study results

– managing citations and references

– managing ethical considerations

7. Core functions of EHRs:

– medical records

– results recording

– computerized physician order entry

– clinical decision support

– electronic communication

– channels between health care providers and patients

– patient-entered data

8. DataArc: secured, password-protected, web-based database management system for documenting and reporting clinical educational activities for nursing and allied health professions, including respiratory care

9. eHealth: emerging computer applications in clinical care, diagnostics, management, education, and research

10. Electronic health records: makes patients’ medical record available across the continuum of care of geographic locations

11. Google Scholar: search engine for scholarly publications in a wide range of fields– fast, yields wide-ranging search results and provides citation data

12. Hospital Information System: or (HIS); a comprehensive system for communication and information processing, supports both clinical and administrative purposes

13. Information retrieval: enhances clinical expertise by providing information for the development of evidence-based, patient-driven protocols, and aids in clinical decisions for individual patients

14. Medline: the database of the National Library of Medicine of millions of references from thousands of journals related to medicine, nursing, the health care system, and science

15. Ovid: Extensive collection of web-based information resources, including databases, journals, books, and searching software. Many medical libraries and large hospitals in US purchase and use Ovid in some form.

16.PubMed: free search engine of the National Library of Medicine for health information- searches several databases including Medline

17. Respiratory care management information systems: provide a means to organize and assign respiratory care orders, measure staff productivity, report clinical results, and execute respiratory care protocols, along with generating data to show their effectiveness via outcomes research

18. Telemedicine: the use of telecommunication and computer technology to promote access to diagnosis, monitoring, clinical decision support, and treatment for patients at medically underserved sites that are distant from health care providers