Here is a sample of the answers for Chapter 24 of the Egan’s Workbook. For rest of the answers, check out our Workbook Helper. We have both the 10th and 11th Edition available.

1. This type of therapy is developed keeping the most likely cause of the infection in mind. The exact type of organism remains undetermined.
2. A. HAP is a lower respiratory tract infection that develops in hospitalized patients >48 hours after admission (excluding incubating community acquired infections). HAP is expensive to treat and increases the length of stay by a week. Mortality is often 30% to 50%. It is the second most common nosocomial infection.
B. VAP is ventilator-associated pneumonia. It is associated with artificial airways and mechanical ventilation. Aspiration and inoculation, as well as host defenses, play a role in VAP.
3. A. This is the second most frequent nosocomial infection in the United States, accounting for 15% to 18% of all nosocomial infections. There are 250,000 cases per year.
B. $40,000 per case (7-9 day stay)
C. 30% to 70% overall and 33% to 50% directly
4. A. ICU patients
B. Bone marrow transplant recipients
5. A Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB)
B. Histoplasmosis
C. Cryptococcus
D. Coccidioidomycosis (also Q fever, legionellosis)
6. A. Narcotic use
B. Alcohol intoxication
C. Prior stroke

 

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10th & 11th Edition