Pathogen Grouping Diseases Treatment
Adenoviruses adenovirus Common cold, pharyngitis, pneumonia Symptomatic
Aspergillus fumigatus fungus Aspergillosis Amphotericin B, itraconazole, voriconazole
Bordetella pertussis gram-negetive parvobacteria Pertussis (whooping cough) Erythromycin
Borrelia vincenti spirochaete Pharyngitis Doxycycline, erythromycin, penicillin
Chlamydia pneumoniae gram-negetive intracellular parasite Pneumonia Tetracycline, erythromycin
Chlamydia psittaci gram-negetive intracellular parasite Pneumonia Tetracycline, erythromycin
CMV (cytomegalovirus) herpesvirus Pneumonia in immunodeficient Ganciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir
Coronaviruses coronavirus Common cold, pneumonia, SARS Symptomatic
Corynebacteria diphtheria gram-positive non-sporing Diphtheria, pharyngitis Antitoxin + penicillin (or erythromycin)
Coxiella burnetti gram-negetive coccobacillus Pneumonia, pneumonitis Tetracycline (vaccine in development)
Coxsackie A enterovirus Common cold, pharyngitis Symptomatic
Epstein-Barr virus herpesvirus Glandular fever No effective treatment
Haemophilus influenzae gram-negative parvobacteria Pharyngitis, epiglottitis Cefotaxime, ceftriaxone (vaccine for type b)
Herpes simplex herpesvirus Oropharyngial disease Aciclovir, valaciclovir, famciclovir, foscarnet, cidofovir
Legionella pneumophila gram-negative parvobacteria Pneumonia, Pontiac fever Erythromycin with rifampicin
Measles paramyxovirus Measles (Cx: pneumonia, encephalitis) Symptomatic
Mumps paramyxovirus Parotitis (Cx: meningitis, encephalitis) Symptomatic
Mycobacterium tuberculosis gram-positive rod Tuberculosis Ethambutol, isoniazid, rifampicin, pyrazinamide
Mycoplasma pneumoniae gram-positive rod Pneumonia Erythromycin, tetracycline
Neisseria gonorrhoea gram-negative cocci Pharyngitis Penicillins
Parainfluenza paramyxovirus Croup, bronchiolitis (Cx: pneumonia) Symptomatic
Pseudomonas aeruginosa gram-negative rod Pneumonia (opportunistic) Aminoglycosides, carbapenems, cephalosporins
Rhinoviruses rhinovirus Common cold (Cx: severe in infants, otitis media) Symptomatic
RSV (respiratory syncytial virus) paramyxovirus Bronchiolitis (Cx: pneumonia) Symptomatic. Ribavarin for infants at risk
Staphylococcus aureus gram-positive clusters Pneumonia (including MRSA) Flucloxacillin (vanocomycin or teicoplanin in MRSA)
Streptococcus pneumoniae gram-positive chains/pairs Pneumonia Benzylpenicillin, erythromycin, cephalosporins
Streptococcus pyogenes gram-positive chains/pairs Pharyngitis, rheumatic fever, scarlet fever Penicillin (erythromycin if allergic)