Quality, patient safety, communication, and recordkeeping are all important topics in the field of respiratory care. Not to mention, this subject is typically something that is taught in most respiratory therapy programs.
To help, we created this study guide with practice questions that are designed to make the learning process easier. So, if you’re ready, let’s get started.
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What is Quality in Respiratory Care?
Quality is a term that can be used to describe medical services that are provided in order to care for and satisfy the needs of the patient. Improved quality equates to better outcomes and a better overall experience for both the patient and caregiver.
Quality assurance is a program with policies and standards designed to achieve desired clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction levels.
Quality control is a method in healthcare that uses a systematic approach to provide quality care and achieve desired clinical outcomes.
For a deeper dive into this topic, you can read through the practice questions that are provided below. Also, you can consider reading the chapter on this topic that can be found in the Egan’s textbook.
The Egan's book is known as the "Bible of Respiratory" and is highly recommended.
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Quality and Patient Safety Practice Questions:
1. What is the value of a service or product that refers to the sum of its properties that serve to satisfy the needs of its consumer?
2. What are the key areas of potential risk for patients and co-workers?
Patient movement and ambulation; electrical and fire hazards; and general safety concerns
3. What is the correct technique for lifting an object?
Bend your legs and keep your spine straight
4. How do you monitor the patient during patient ambulation?
Monitor the patient’s color, breathing, strength, and level of consciousness; also, monitor for pain and shortness of breath
5. How do you move a patient up in bed with the patient’s assistance?
Have the patient dig in with their heels, then lift and pull
6. What represents the greatest danger to you or your patients when an electrical shock occurs?
The electrical current
7. What do the harmful effects of an electrical current depend on?
The amount of current, the path it takes, and the duration the current is applied
8. What should all electrical equipment be connected to?
They should be connected to grounded outlets with 3-wire cords.
9. What does the third (ground) wire prevent?
It prevents a dangerous buildup of voltage that can occur on the metal frames of some electrical equipment.
10. When are hospital fires considered to be very serious?
When they occur in patient care areas and when supplemental oxygen is in use
11. What air conditions make it easier for materials to burn?
Materials can burn easier in oxygen-enriched air.
12. What three conditions must exist for a fire to start?
(1) Flammable material must be present, (2) Oxygen must be present, and (3) Flammable material heated to or above the ignition temperature
13. Is oxygen flammable?
No, but it greatly accelerates the rate of combustion
14. How does burning speed increase?
With an increase in concentration or partial pressure of oxygen
15. What does RACE stand for?
Rescue, alert, contain the fire, and evacuate
16. What is a key component of disaster preparedness?
It involves learning to transport and transfer critically ill patients safely.
17. What are the physical hazards resulting from improper storage or handling of cylinders?
An increased risk of fire, an explosive release of high-pressure cylinders, and the toxic effect of some gases
18. What is the best way to store and transport cylinders?
Use appropriate racks or chained containers
19. How should you never store compressed gas cylinders?
Never store gas cylinders without support
20. What is lean management in healthcare?
It is a philosophy that aims to get rid of waste and activities that add little or no value.
21. What is considered non-verbal communication?
Gestures, facial expressions, eye contact, voice tone, space, and touch
22. What are examples of a two-patient identifier system?
Name and birthday
23. How must all health care personnel correctly identify patients before initiating patient care?
Using a two-patient identifier system
24. What involves the use of gestures and posture to communicates one’s attentiveness?
25. What is a technique that is useful in confirming that understanding is occurring between the parties involved in the interaction?
Did someone say, "5 of PEEP?" I think so! Order your own PEEP t-shirt today.
26. What begins with an admission of misunderstanding on the part of the listener, with the intent of being able to understand the message better?
27. What involves confirming or disapproving the more subtle components of a communication integration, such as messages that are implied?
28. What is HIPPA, and when was it enacted?
HIPPA stands for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, and it was enacted in 1996.
29. What are the general sections found in a patient’s medical records?
Admission data, physician orders, progress notes, medical records, and consultation notes
30. What would you find in the admission data?
The patient’s nearest of kin, admitting physician, and admission diagnosis
31. What would you find in the physician orders section?
You would find records of the physician’s orders and prescriptions.
32. What keeps a continuing account of the patient’s progress for the physician?
33. What is the number one thing you should never do on a medical record?
Never erase anything
34. What does SOAP stand for?
Subjective, objective, assessment, and plan of action
35. Disaster preparedness includes what?
It includes the transport and transfer of critically ill patients and the preparation for the loss of electricity.
36. What are documentation flow sheets designed to do?
They are designed to briefly report data and decrease the time spent on documentation.
37. Electricity moves from point A to point B due to differences in what?
38. Extended bed rest can result in what?
39. Fire extinguisher training includes learning which acronym?
40. Why are fires that occur in areas where oxygen is being used more dangerous?
They are more dangerous because oxygen speeds up the rate of combustion and makes everything catch on fire more quickly.
41. What are the general rules for recordkeeping?
Entries should be printed or handwritten, do not use ditto marks, do not erase, record each patient interaction and sign the entry, document patient complaints, do not leave blank lines, Use standard abbreviations only, use present tense, use proper spelling, document all important conversations, and be as accurate as possible.
42. High currents passing through the chest can cause what?
It can cause ventricular fibrillation, diaphragm dysfunction, and death.
43. What are some general rules for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) safety?
No metal components or objects are allowed in the MRI suite, and you should use only MRI-compatible ventilators, oxygen supplies, and ancillary equipment.
44. Medical records can only be seen by who?
The patient or persons directly related to the improvement of the health of the patient
45. What is the most important aspect of safe patient care?
46. Most shock hazards are caused by what?
47. What does OEA stand for?
48. Oxygen is not flammable, but it can do what?
It can greatly accelerate the rate of combustion.
49. What does PASS stand for?
Pull, aim, squeeze, and sweep
50. What is the primary source of conflict?
51. Being successful as a respiratory therapist depends on what?
It depends on your ability to communicate well with patients and other members of the healthcare team.
52. What are some techniques for improving communication?
Share information rather than tell it, seek to relate to people rather than control them, value disagreement as much as agreement, and use effective nonverbal communication techniques.
53. What is the role of the respiratory therapist when it comes to the patient’s direct environment?
Our role is to position the equipment, tubing, and treatments out of the way as much as possible.
54. All health care personnel must use the “two patient identifiers” before initiating care, which include all of the following, except?
55. All of the following techniques can be used to improve one’s effectiveness as a sender of messages except:
Emphasize agreement over disagreement
56. All of the following techniques can be used to improve one’s listening skills, except which of the following?
Judge the sender’s delivery, not the content
57. Basic purposes of communication include all of the following except?
Change others’ values orientation
58. How can the risk of fire because of static electrical discharge in the presence of oxygen be minimized?
Maintain a high relative humidity in the area of use
59. If you make a mistake when charting a patient’s treatment, what should you do?
Draw a line through the mistake and write “error” above it.
60. In the standard approach to hospital fires, the RACE plan has been suggested. What does the letter “C” stand for in this approach?
61. Information about a patient’s nearest kin, physician, and initial diagnosis can be found in which section of the medical record?
The admission sheet
62. Key barriers to effective interpersonal communication include all of the following except:
Similar perceptions of the problem
63. Lifting heavy objects is best done with which of the following techniques?
Use a straight spine and bent legs
64. Maintaining eye contact, leaning toward the patient, and nodding your head are all good examples of what communication technique?
65. Medical records are strictly confidential and are protected under what law?
66. A patient who is on a ventilator is going to be transported to MRI. Which of the following is the most important piece of equipment to have available in the MRI suite?
An MRI compatible ventilator
67. A patient’s response to an interview question is initially unclear. Which of the following responses on your part would be most appropriate?
Please explain that to me again
68. A pulmonary specialist has been called in by an internist to examine a patient and help make a diagnosis. Where in the patient’s medical record would you look for the pulmonary specialist’s report?
The consultation sheet
69. A respiratory therapist is instructing a patient on a particular piece of equipment and should use which scenario on educating the patient?
The teach-back technique
70. What techniques are involved in helping ensure that understanding is taking place between the parties involved in an interaction?
Clarifying, paraphrasing, perception checking, and attending
71. A respiratory therapist who says “please explain that to me again” to a patient during an interview is using what interpersonal communication technique?
72. A respiratory therapist who says “you seem to be anxious about your surgery” to a patient just admitted for bypass surgery is using what interpersonal communication technique?
73. To check on the results of a patient’s recent blood work, you would go to which section of the medical record?
74. To confirm a physician’s prescription for a drug that you need to give to a patient, you would go to which section of the medical record?
75. To determine any recent trends in a patient’s pulse, respiration, or blood pressure, you would go to which section of the medical record?
Vital sign sheet
76. To determine the amount of urine excreted by a patient in the last 24 hours, you would go to which section of the medical record?
Intake and output (I & O) sheet
77. To determine the most recent medical status of a patient whom you are about to start treating, you would go to which section of the medical record?
78. To find out what drugs or intravenous fluids a patient has received recently, you would go to which section of the medical record?
79. What form of patient record is most designed to succinctly report data in a time-oriented format and to decrease the time needed for documentation?
80. Where do most hospital fires initially start?
Most hospital fires start in the kitchen because, I mean, if you can’t take the heat, stay out of the kitchen.
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81. Which of the following are unacceptable practices in medical recordkeeping?
Providing your own interpretation of a patient’s symptoms and charting several separate tasks under a single chart entry
82. Which of the following factors are most critical in determining when a patient can be ambulated?
The stability of their vital signs and the absence of severe pain
83. Which of the following factors can have an impact on the outcomes of therapeutic communication between patient and practitioner?
Verbal and nonverbal components of expression, environmental factors (e.g., noise, privacy), values and beliefs of both patient and practitioner, and sensory and emotional factors (e.g., fear, pain)
84. Which of the following is a method for communicating empathy to your patients?
The use of touch, the use of keywords, and the use of eye contact
85. Which of the following is an acceptable practice in medical recordkeeping?
Using standard abbreviations
86. Which of the following is true about fires in oxygen-enriched atmospheres?
They are more difficult to put out, they burn more quickly, and they burn more intensely.
87. Which of the following is used to report electrical current?
88. Which of the following organs is the most sensitive to the effects of electrical shock?
89. Which of the following statements is false about patient ambulation?
Patients with IV lines should NOT be ambulated
90. Which of the following strategies for conflict resolution represents a middle-ground strategy that combines assertiveness and cooperation?
Again, as a medical practitioner, you must understand the importance of quality, patient safety, communication, and recordkeeping. These are essential when it comes to delivering high-quality respiratory care.
Hopefully, this study guide can help you develop a better understanding of this topic.
We have a similar guide on delivering evidence-based respiratory care that I think you will find helpful. Thanks for reading and, as always, breathe easy, my friend.
John Landry, BS, RRT
John Landry is a registered respiratory therapist from Memphis, TN, and has a bachelor's degree in kinesiology. He enjoys using evidence-based research to help others breathe easier and live a healthier life.
- Faarc, Kacmarek Robert PhD Rrt, et al. Egan’s Fundamentals of Respiratory Care. 12th ed., Mosby, 2020.
- “Management of Medical Records: Facts and Figures for Surgeons.” National Center for Biotechnology Information, 20 Apr. 2011, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3238553.
- “How Do We Measure the Quality of a Respiratory Therapy Education Program?” PubMed Central (PMC), 2014, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4456848.
- Malinowski, Thomas. “Quality and Performance Improvement in Respiratory Care.” PubMed, June 2004, pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15177248.
- “Patient and Family Centred Care in Respiratory Therapy: A Fundamental Right?” PubMed Central (PMC), 2016, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4948573.