Question Answer
advanced directives document in which an individual specifies what medical care he or she desires to receive in the future if not able to make decision by themself
assault any conduct that creates a reasonable apprehension of being touched in an injurious manner; no actual touching required to prove
autonomy acknowledges patients’ personal liberty and their right to decide their own course of treatment
axiology study of nature of values and value judgments
battery unconsented actual touching that causes injury
beneficence requires health care providers go beyond doing no harm and contribute to heal and will being of patients.
benevolent deception actions which truth is withheld from patient for his/her good
breach of contract failure to carry out terms of legal agreement without excuse
compensatory justice recovery for damages as a result of actions of others
confidentiality nondisclosure of information except to other authorized person
consequentialism viewpoint of which decisions are based on assessment of consequences
defendant person denying party against whom relief or recovery is sought in a suit to be plaintiff.
distributive justice proper allotment of benefits and burdens in society
double effect both good and bad effects, or double effect
formalism ethical viewpoint that relies on rules and principles
informal consent health professionals have duty to disclose care
intuitionism ethical viewpoint that holds certain truths
justice fair and equal treatment for all
libel false accusation written, printed, or typewriter.
living will state patient’s death
malpractice negligence resulting from lack of knowledge, experience, on expression
negligence ommission to do something reasonable to person
nonmaleficence health care providers to avoid harming patents where possible
plaintiff person who brings in action
res ipsa loquitur “the thing speaks for itself” negligence inferred from fact that accident happened
respondeat superior “let the master answer” master liable from wrongful acts of servant
rule utilitarianism moral reasoning approach based on rule to promote greatest good
slander any words spoken with malice that are untrue and prejudicial
strict liability impose liability without fault
tort legal wrong committed upon person or property independent of contract
veracity binds health provider and patient to tell truth
virtue ethics viewpoint asks what virtuous person would do in a similar circumstance