Question Answer
Albuterol/Proventil SVN: .5 ml of .5% solution (2.5mg) with 3 ml NS
Albuterol/Proventil MDI: 2 puffs, 90 mcg/puff tid,qid
Levalbuterol/Xopenex SVN: .63 mg/3 ml, 1.25 mg/3ml tid
Salmeterol Xinafoate/Serevent MDI: 2 puffs, 25 mcg/puff
Salmeterol Xinafoate/Serevent DPI: 50 mcg/inhalation bid
Formoterol/Foradil DPI: 12 mcg/inhalation bid
Bitolterol/Tornalate SVN: 1.25ml of 0.2% solution (1.25 mg)
Bitolterol/Tornalate MDI: 2 puffs 37mcg/puff. bid-qid
Ipratropium Bromide/Atrovent SVN: 2.5 ml of 0.02% sol. (0.5 mg) unit dose
Ipratropium Bromide/Atrovent MDI: 2 puffs, 18 mcg/puff qid
Tiotropium Bromide/Spiriva DPI: 18 mcg / inhalation
Racemic Epinephrine/Vaponephrine 0.25 – 0.5 ml of 2.25% solution qid or as ordered
Nedocromil Sodium/Tilade MDI: 2 puffs, 1.75 mg/puff qid
Acetylcysteine/Mucomyst 2-4ml of 10% or 20% solution (give with a bronchodilator)
Tobramycin/TOBI SVN: 300 mg/5ml ampule (separate nebulizer for TOBI only. Pre-suction if needed; avoid post-suction)
Colomycin/Colistin Pre-suction if needed; avoid post-suction
Vancomycin/Vancocin Pre-suction if needed; avoid post-suction
Flunisolide/Aero-Bid MDI: 2 puffs, 250 mcg/puff bid
Fluticasone Propionate/Flovent MDI: 2 puffs, 44, 110 or 220 mcg/puff or DPI 50,100 or 250 mcg bid
Budesonide/Pulmacort SVN: 0.25 or 0.5 mg/2ml
Budesonide/Pulmacort DPI: 200 – 800 mcg/inhalation bid
Fluticasone Propionate and Salmeterol/Advair DPI: 100, 250 or 500 mcg with 50 mcg salmeterol bid
Ipratropium Bromide and Albuterol/Combivent MDI: 2 puffs , 18 mcg /puff ipratropium & 90 mcg/puff albuterol, qid
Ipratropium Bromide and Albuterol/DuoNeb SVN: ipratropium bromide 0.5 mg and albuterol sulfate 3 mg
Question Answer
Albuterol Sulfate Proventil – Ventolin
Levalbuterol Xopenex
Isoproterenol Isuprel
Isoetharine HCL Bronkosol
Metaproterenol Sulfate Alupent
Salmeterol Xinafoate Serevent
Formoterol Foradil
Bitolterol Tornalate
Terbutaline Sulfate Brethaire/Brethene
Pirbuterol Maxair
Atropine Atropine – No longer approved for inhalation
Ipratropium Bromide Atrovent
Tiotropium Bromide Spiriva
Epinephrine Adrenaline
Epinephrine Primatine Mist
Racemic Epinephrine Vaponephrine/MicroNefrin
Cromolyn Sodium Intal
Nedocromil Sodium Tilade
Acetylcysteine Mucomyst
Tobramycin TOBI
Colomycin Colistin
Vancomycin Vancocin
Ribavirin Virazole
Pentamidine Isethionate NebuPent/Pentam
Flunisolide Aero-Bid
Fluticasone Propionate Flovent
Budesonide Pulmacort
Fluticasone Propionate and Palmeterol Advair
Ipratropium Bromide and Albuterol Combivent
Ipratropium Bromide and Albuterol DuoNeb
Dornase Alfa Pulmozyme
Furosemide Lasix
Exubera Insulin
Arformoterol Tatrate Brovana
Gentamycin Garamycin
Beclomethasone Dipropionate QVAR
Triamcinolone Acetonide Azmacort
Flunisolide Hemihydrate Aerospan
Ciclesonide Alvesco
Mometasone Furate Asmanex Twisthaler
Calfactant Infasurf
Baractant Survanta
Zanamivir Relenza
Budesonide.Formoterol Fumerate Symbicort
Question Answer
Albuterol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Proventil Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Ventolin Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Levalbuterol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Xopenex Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Isoproterenol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Isuprel Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Bronkosol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Isoetharine HCL Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Alupent Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Metaproterenol Sulfate Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Serevent Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Salmeterol Xinafoate Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Foradil Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Formoterol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Tornalate Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Bitolterol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Maxair Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Brethaire Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Terbutaline Sulfate Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Pirbuterol Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetic)
Atropine Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Atrovent Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Atropine Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Atrovent Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Spiriva Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Ipratropium Bromide Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Tiotropium Bromide Bronchodilators (Parasympatholytics)
Adrenaline Vasoconstrictors/Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetics)
Primatine Mist Vasoconstrictors/Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetics)
Epinephrine Vasoconstrictors/Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetics)
Racemic Epinephrine Vasoconstrictors/Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetics)
Vaponephrine Vasoconstrictors/Bronchodilators (Sympathomimetics)
Intal Prophylactic Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Tilade Prophylactic Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Cromolyn Sodium Prophylactic Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Nedocromil Sodium Prophylactic Anti-Asthmatic Agents
Mucomyst Mucolytics
Acetylcysteine Mucolytics
TOBI Antimicrobial Agents
Colomycin Antimicrobial Agents
Tobramycin Antimicrobial Agents
Colistin Antimicrobial Agents
Vancomycin Antimicrobial Agents
Vancocin Antimicrobial Agents
Ribavirin Antimicrobial Agents
Virazole Antimicrobial Agents
NebuPent Antimicrobial Agents
Pentamidine Isethionate Antimicrobial Agents
Aero-Bid Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Flovent Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Pulmicort Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Budesonide Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Fluticasone Propionate Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Flunisolide Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Advair Combinations
Combivent Combinations
DuoNeb Combinations
Dornase Alfa Mucoactive Agent
Pulmozyme Mucoactive Agent
Fentanyl FentanylOpiod (Narcotic) Analgesic
Furosemide Diuretic
Lasix Diuretic
Exubera Insulin
Brovana Adrenergic Bronchodilator
Arformoterol Tatrate Adrenergic Bronchodilator
Beclomethasone Dipropionate/QVAR Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Triamcinolone Acetonide/Azmacort Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Flunisolide Hemihydrate/Aerospan Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Ciclesonide.Alvesco Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Mometasone Furate/Asmanex Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Budesonide/Formoterol Fumarate – Symbicort Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Zanamivir/Relenza Anti-infective Agents
Beractant/Survanta Surfactant Agents
Calfactant/Infasurf Surfactant Agents
Mometasone Furate/Asmanex Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Budesonide/Formoterol Fumarate – Symbicort Corticosteroids Anti-inflammatory Agents
Zanamivir/Relenza Anti-infective Agents
Beractant/Survanta Surfactant Agents
Calfactant/Infasurf Surfactant Agents
Question Answer
Albuterol Sulfate Proventil, Ventolin Bronchodilator sympathomimetic SVN or MDI Used to prevent bronchospasm
Levalbuterol Xopenex Bronchodilator sympathomimetic SVN Works by relaxing muscles in the airways to improve breathing Used to treat reversible obstructions, airway conditions, such as asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema
Isoproterenol Isuprel Bronchodilator sympathomimetic Given by IV rarely used for inhalation because it may increase heart rate Cardiac stimilator
Isoetharine HCL Bronkosol Bronchodilator sympathomimetic SVN
Metaproterenol Sulfate Alupent Bronchodilator sympathomimetic SVN
Salmeterol Xinafoate Serevent Bronchodilator sympathomimetic MDI or DPI long lasting (10 – 12 hrs.) , rapid onset (20 mins.)
Formoterol Foradil Bronchodilator sympathomimetic DPI long lasting, rapid onset – not recommended as a “rescue breathing” drug
Bitolterol Tornalate Bronchodilator sympathomimetic SVN or MDI lasts 5 – 8 hours
Terbutaline Sulfate Brethaire Bronchodilator sympathomimetic MDI
Pirbuterol Maxair Bronchodilator sympathomimetic MDI
Atropine Atropine Bronchodilator parasympatholytics Used to help dry up excessive mucus No longer FDA approved for inhalation
Ipratropium bromide Atrovent Bronchodilator parasympatholytics SVN or MDI used to prevent bronchospasm or narrowing airways in the lungs in people w/ bronchitis, emphysema, or COPD
Tiotropium bromide Spiriva Bronchodilator parasympatholytics DPI works by enlarging airways. Used to prevent bronchospasm
Epinephrine Adrenaline Vasoconstrictors / Bronchodilators (sympathomimetics) SVN
Epinephrine Primatine Mist Vasoconstrictors / Bronchodilators (sympathomimetics) MDI
Racemic Epinephrine Vaponephrine, P2 Vasoconstrictors / Bronchodilators (sympathomimetics) SNV Relaxes smooth muscle of bronchi
Question Answer
Define NMB Cholinergic antagonists that act on the N2 receptors found on skeletal muscle
What are NMBs used for? Primarily used for skeletal muscle paralysis during: abdominal & thoracic surgery, mechanical ventilation, and intubation
Define Non-Depolarizing NMBs and how they work. Are competitive antagonists with ACh at the N2 receptor. Receptor stimulation keeps Na+ ion channels closed, so skeletal muscle cell depolarization DOES NOT occur.
Pavulon Pancuronium (Non-depol. NMB)
Zemuron Rocuronium (Non-depol. NMB)
Tracrium Atracurium (Non-depol. NMB)
Nimbex Cisatracurium (Non-depol. NMB)
Define Depolarizing NMBs and how they work. Acts like endogenous Ach, allowing depolarization, but prevents repolarization. Na+ channels are kept open for a longer than normal time. Results in “flaccid” paralysis. (short-acting & no reversal agent).
Anectine Succinylcholine (Depolarizing NMB)