Question Answer
What are the anti-infective agents used to treat or prevent influenza? amantadine rimantadine oseltamivir zanamivir
brand name for amantadine? symmetrel
brand name for rimantadine? flumadine
brand name for oseltamivir? tamiflu
brand name for zanamivir? relenza
What are the antimycobacterials? isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, ethambutol
What are the side effects of isoniazid? hepatotoxicity (symptoms include nausea, loss of appetite, abdominal pain), peripheral neuritis, rash, fever, anemia
what are the side effects of pyrazinamide? hepatotoxicity, arthralgia, hyperuricemia
what are the side effects of ethambutol? optic neuritis (higher in patients recieving >15 mg/kg/day)
what are the smoking cessation drugs? nicotine transdermal system, nicotine polacrilex, bupropion, varenicline
brand name for nicotine transdermal system? nicoderm CQ, nicotrol
brand name for nicotine polacrilex? nicorette, commit, nicotrol
brand name for bupropion? zyban
brand name for varenicline? CHANTIX
What is the depolarizing NMBA? succinylcholine
What is the onset and duration of succinylcholine? onset: 1 min, duration: 10-15 min
What are the nondepolarizing NMBAs? d-tubocurarine, pancuronium, pipcuronium, rocuronium, vecuronium
What is the onset of pancuronium? 4-6 min
what is the onset of pipecuronium? 2-4 min
what is the onset of rocuronium? 1-2 min
what is the onset of vecuronium? 2-4 min
what is the duration of pancuronium? 120-180 min
what is the duration of pipecuronium? 80-100 min
what is the duration of rocuronium? 30-60 min
what is the duration of vecuronium? 60-90 min
What are the benzodiazepines of the anesthetic induction agents? diazepam, lorazepam, midazolam
brand name for diazepam? valium
brand name for lorazepam? ativan
brand name for midazolam? versed
brand name for propofol? (this is not a benzodiazepine) diprivan
What are the signs and symptoms of the cold? no fever, no chills, no headaches, no myalgia. hacking cough, common nasal congestion, sneezing and sore throat.
What are the signs and symptoms of influenza? high fever, chills, nonproductive cough, headache, early and severe myalgia, occasional nasal congestion, sneezing and sore throat.
What are the antiviral agents that treat or prevent influenza? amantadine, rimantadine, oseltamivir, zanamivir
brand name for amantamidine? symmetrel
brand name for rimantamidine? flumadine
brand name for oseltamivir? tamiflu
brand name for zanamivir? relenza
What are the side effects of rifampin? hepatotoxicity, flulike symptoms, discolorations of body secretions to an orange color
what class is doxapram? a respiratory stimulant
Question Answer
Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Ananlgesic; anti-pyretic
Acetazolamide (Diamox) Diuretic; Tx of metabolic alkalosis
Acetylcysteine (Mucomyst) Mucolytic; must use with broncholdilator
Acyclovir (Zovirax) Anti-viral
Adenosine (Adenocard) Tx for SVT
Albuterol (Proventil; Ventolin) Bronchodilator; sympathomimetic
Albuterol & Atrovent (Combivent; DuoNeb) Combination brochodilator
Alprazolam (Xanax) Mild tranquilizer
Aminophylline Xanthine (IV); improves expiratory flows
Amiodarone (Cordarone) Anti-arrhythmic; V-Tach
Amitriptyline (Cordarone) Anti-depressant (tricyclic)
Amphotericin B (Fungizone) Anti-fungal
Amrinone (Inocor) Increases CO; decreases PVR
Aprotinin (Trasylol) Aids in blood clotting for post-op patients
Aspirin (ASA) Analgesic; anti-platelet
Atracurium (Tracrium) NMBA; induces paralysis
Atropine Tx of bradycardia (anti-cholinergic)
Azithromycin (Zithromax) Antibiotic
Bactrim (TMP-SMX) Antibiotic
Beclomethasone (Beclovent; Vanceril; QVAR) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Benazril (Lotensin) Tx for hypertensive (ACE inhibitor)
Bitolterol (Tornalate) Brochodilator (sympathomimetic)
Budesonide (Pulmicort) Anti-inflammatroy (inhaled)
Bumetanide (Bumex) Diuretic
Calcium Electrolyte-Needed for maintaining: muscle and nerve function; permeability of cell membranes and capillaries. Also an antidote for magnesium toxicity.
Cefazolin (Ancef) Antibiotic; surgical prophyklaxis
Ceftriaxone (Rocephrin) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Cephalexin (Keflex) Antibiotic
Chloral Hydrate Hypnotic sedative for neonates and peds
Chlordiazepoxide (Librium) Minor tranquilzer
Chlorothiazide (Diuril) Diuretic; Tx for hypertension
Chlorpromazine (Thorazine) Anti-psychotic; Tx for hiccups
Cimetidine (Tagament) Prophylaxis for stress ulcers
Ciprofloxacin (Cipro) Antibiotic
Cisatracurium (Nimbex) NMBA; paralytic
Clindamycin Antibiotic
Clopidogrel (Plavix) Anti-platelet
Codeine Narcotic analgesic
Cromolyn Sodium (Intal) Mediator agoinist; blocks histamine release
Dexamethasone (Decadron) Anti-inflammatory
Dexmedetomide (Precedex) Hypnotic sedative used in mechanical ventilation
Diazepam (Valium) Anti-anxiety; anti-convulsant
Digitalis (Digoxin, Lanoxin) Cardiac inotrope w/neg chronotropic effects
Diltiazem (Cardizem) Decreases B/P-Ca+ channel blocker; anti-anginal
Diphenhydramine (Benadryl) Anti-histamine
Dobutamine (Dobutrex) Increases CO
Dopamine (Inotropin) Increases B/P; renal dose increases kidney perfusion
Dornase Alfa (Pulmonzyme) Mucolytic for CF patients
Edrophonium (Tensolin) Dx drug for myasthenia gravis; reverses paralytics
Enalapril (Vasotec) Tx of hypertension
Enoxaparin (Lovenox) Anti-coagulant
Epinephrine (Adrenaline) Alpha & Beta properties
Erythromycin Antibiotic (bacteriostatic)
Esmolol (Brevivloc) Tx of tachycardia and hypertension
Ethacrynic Acid (Enercrin) Diuretic
Etomidate Quick-acting sedative w/o hypotension
Famotidine (Pepcid) Inhibition of gastric acid secretion
Fenoldapam (Cloropam) Rapid vasodilator for severe hypertension; renal dose for kidney perfusion
Fentanyl (Sublimaze) Narcotic analgesic
Fluconazole (Diflucan) Anti-fungal
Flunisolide (Aerobid) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Fluoxetine (Prozac) Anti-depressant (inhaled)
Fluticasone (Flovent) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Formoterol (Foradil) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Furosemide (Lasix) Diuretic
Gentamicin Antibiotic
Glycopyrulate (Robinul) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholenergic)
Haloperidol (Haldol) Anti-psychotic
Heparin Anti-coagulant
Hydralazine (Apresoline) Vasodilator
Hydromorphone (Dilaudid) Opiod analgesic
Ibuprofen (Motrin) Analgesic
Indomethacin (Indocin) Tx for PDA
Insulin Tx of diabetes & diabetic acidosis
Ipatropium Bromide (Atrovent) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholenergic)
Isoetharine (Bronkosol) Bronchodilator (sympathometic)
Isonoazid (INH) Anti-tuberculin
Isoproterenol (Isprel) Tx for cardiac standstill (adrenergic)
Ketamine Anesthetic/analgesic (non-barbiturate)
Laetalol (Normodyne) Alpha & Beta antagonist; decreases B/P
Levalbuterol (Xopenex) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Levofloxacin (Levaquin) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Lidocaine (Xylocaine HCL) Anti-arrhythmic; PVC & V-Tach
Lithium Anti-psychotic
Lorazepam (Ativan) Tranquilizer
Magnesium Sulfate Blocks ACh; prevents contraction; Ca+ channel blocker
Mannitol Osmotic diuretic; decreases ICP
Merperidine (Demerol) Narcotic analgesic
Metaproterenol (Alupent) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Methohexital (Brevital) Barbiturate anesthetic
Methylprednisolone (Solumedrol) IV Corticosteroid
Metoprolol (Lorpressor) Tx of hypertension
Midazolam (Versed) Sedative
Milrinone (Primacor) Increases CO
Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate (Nasonex) Corticosteroid (intranasal)
Montelukast (Singular) Leukotriene modifier
Morphine (MSO4) Narcotic analgesic
Nalbuphine (Nubian) Narcotic analgesic
Naloxone (Narcan) Narcotic antagonist; respiratory stimulant
Nedocromil Sodium (Tilade) Mediator antagonist
Nestride (Natrecor) Tx of CHF exacerbation
Nifedipine (Procardia) Ca+ channel blocker; decreases B/P
Nitroglycerin (NTG) Vasodilator; increases coronary artery perfusion
Nitroprusside (Nipride) Vasodilator; decreases B/P
Norepinephrine (Levophed) Tx of septic shock; potent vasopressor
Oxycodone Opoid analgesic
Pancuronium (Pavulon) NMBA; induces paralysis
Pentamidine (Nebupent) Tx for pCP
Pentothal Barbituarate anesthetic
Phenobarbital Seizures; status epililepticus
Phenylephrine (Neosynephrine) Vasoconstrictor; increases B/P
Phenytoin (Dilantin) Anti-convulsant
Pirbuterol (Maxair) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Potassium Chloride Electrolyte needed for cardiac and other muscle function
Prednisone Corticosteroid (p.o.)
Procainamide (Pronestyl) Anti-arrhythmic; A-Fib & A-Flutter
Promethazine (Phenegran) Anti-nausea
Propofol (Diprivan) hypnotic sedative
Propanolol (Inderal) Beta blocker-inhibits sympathetic responses
Prostaglandin E (Alprostadil) Maintains patentcy of PDA
Protamine Heparin antagonist
Pyrazinamide Anti-tuberculin
Racemic Epinephrine sympathomimetic for upper airways
Ramipril (Altace) Tx for hypertension-ACE inhibitor
Ranitidine (Zantac) Tx for duodenal ulcers
Ribavirin (Virazole) Antil-viral for RSV (aerosolized)
Rifampin Anti-tuberculin
Rocuronium (Zenuron) NMBA
Salmeterol (Serevent) Bronchodilator (sympathomimetic)
Salmeterol & Fluticasone (Advair) Bronchodilator & corticosteroid combo inhaler
Spironolactone (Aldactone) Diuretic-K+ sparing
Sodium Bicarbonate Tx for metabolic acidosis; mucolytic
Streptokinase (Steptase) Thrombolytic
Streptomycin Antibiotic use to Tx TB (aminoglycoside)
Succinylcholine (Anectine) Depolarizing NMBA; induces short-term paralysis
Terbutaline (Brethine) Bronchodilator; relaxes uterine muscles
Tetracycline Antibiotic (bacteriostatic)
Theophylline (Theo-Dur) Xanthine (p.o.); increases expiratory flow
Tiotropium Bromide (Spirivia) Bronchodilator-LABD (anti-cholinergic)
Tobramycin (TOBI) Antibiotic for respiratory infections
Tolazoline (priscoline) Tx for PPHN; vasodilator
TPA (Alteplase, Activase, Reteplase) Tissue Plasminogen Activator; thrombolytic for cardiac patients
Triamcinalone (Azmacort) Anti-inflammatory (inhaled)
Turbocurarune (Curare) NMBA
Urokinase Thrombolytic
Valacyclovir (Valtrex) Anti-viral
Vancomycin Antibiotic for staph. infections
Vasopressin (Pitressin) Pulsless V-Tach, V-Fib
Vercuronium (Nurcuron) NMBA; induces paralysis
Verapamil (Calan) Anti-arrhythmic; SVT
Warfarin (Coumadin) Anti-coagulant
Zafirlukast (Accolate) Leukotrine modifier (p.o.)
Zanamivir (Relenza) Anti-viral Tx for adult influenze
Zileuton (Zyflo) Leukotrine modifier (p.o.)
Question Answer
Bethanechol Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment – urinary retention
Pilocarpine Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment – Ophthalmic miotic, glaucoma
Methacholine Cholinergic, direct acting agonist on muscarinic receptors. Treatment – Diagnostic, Asthma
Physostigmine (Neostigmine) Cholinergic, indirect acting, does not attach to receptors. Gets rid of AchE. Treatment – Muscle stimulant, myasthenia gravis, reversal of nondeopolarizing muscle relaxants
Edrophonium (Tensilon) Cholinergic, indirect acting, does not attach to receptors. Gets rid of AchE. Treatment – Diagnostic, myasthenia gravis.
Atropine Anticholinergic, antagonist. decrease secretion, speeds up heart rate, broncho dilates, asthma, counteracts diarrhea, relaxes GI and urinary, dilate pupils.
Ipratropium bromide (Atrovent) Anticholinergic, antagonist. Broncho dilator. Asthma
Isoproterenol (Isuprel) Adrenergic, agonist. Beta1&2, Treatment – bradycardia, heart block and asthma, hypotension.
Phenylephrine (Neosynephrine) Adrenergice, agonist. Alpha. Treatment – upper respiratory congestion, increase blood pressure, hemostasis, mucosal decongetion.
Propranolol Adrenergic, beta antagonist
Minipress Adrenergic, Alpha antagonist
Albuterol (proventil) Adrenergic, Beta2 agonist
Norepinephrine Adrenergic, Alpha, Beta1 agonist
Epinephrine Adrenergic, Alpha, Beta1&2 agonist
Racemic Epinephrine (vaponephrine) 1/2 the physiological effects of epinephrine -indications – post-extubation edema, croup(alpha effects) -most common bronchodilators.
Levalbuterol(xopenex) -R (levo) isomer of albuterol -available in MDI and inhalation -asthma
Arformoterol(brovana) -R (levo) isomer of formoterol. -1st rapid onset long acting (12 hrs) nebulized bronchodilator (not MDI). -COPD in long term maintenance. -not used in conjunction with other long acting bronchodilators,(salmeterol) increased asthma deaths.
What drug is excellent to combine with adrenergic products. Atrovent
Atropine side effects inhibition and drying of secretions
Ipratropium bromide (atrovent)effects. less drying of secretions
Tiotropium bromide (spririva) For maintenance of COPD. One inhaled (DPI) capsule daily.
Duoneb and Combivent are combinations of what drugs -albuterol and atrovent -contains soy, peanut allergies can not take this.
Advair is a combination of what drugs Salmetrerol (serevent) and fluticasone (flovent)which is a steroid.
Symbicort is a combination of what drugs Formoterol (Foradil) and Pulmicort which is a steroid.
Dulera is a combination of what drugs Formoterol (Foradil) and Ashmanex which is a steroid.
Metraproterenol fact resorcinol that is taken orally.
Epinephrine fact used subcutaneously in asthma attacks
Formoterol fact long acting MDI
Bitolterol fact pro-drug
Phenylephrine fact used in cold medicine.
Isoetharine fact 1st bronchodilator on the market but produced an increase heart rate.