Egan’s Chapter 28 Practice Questions:

1. Adenocarcinoma: type of cancer characterized by glandular structures

2. Bronchoalveolar Cell Carcinoma: type of lung cancer characterized by tumor occurrence at the level of the small airways, often masquerading as a pneumonia

3. Flexible Bronchoscopy: Procedure used to treat atelectasis, lung abscesses, and strictures.fdç

4. Large Cell Carcinoma: type of lung cancer characterized by large cells on microscopy

5. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI): Imaging technique using magnetic disturbance of tissue to obtain images

6. Mass: a body of matter without definite shape

7. Nodule: (mineralogy) a small rounded lump of mineral substance (usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment)

8. Non- Small Cell Carcinoma: 85-87 percent of lung cancers. This cancer grows slowly than small cell lung carcinoma, and it’s not only found in smokers

9. Pancoast’s Syndrome: look for a supraclavicular mass→apical lung tumor involving C8 & T1-2 nerve roots causing shoulder pain with radiation in the ulnar distribution of the arm, Carcinoma in apex of lung, can compress cervical plexus

10. Paraneoplastic Syndrome: effect of tumors remote from the tumor site and often mediated by reactions to tumor products or immune response to the tumor

11. Positron Emission Tomography (PET): an invasive imaging technique that provides color-coded images of brain activity by tracking the brain’s use of a radioactively tagged compound, such as glucose, oxygen, or a drug

12. Radiotherapy: treatment with radiation

13. Screening: testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics

14. Small Cell Carcinoma: Malignant, usually bronchogenic epithelial neoplasm consisting of small tightly packed round, oval or spindle-shaped epithelial cells that stain darkly and contain neurosecretory granules and little or no cytoplasm. many malignant tumors of the lung are of this type. also called oat cell carcinoma or small cell carcinoma

15. Squamous Cell Carcinoma: type of lung cancer characterized by cells that appear “plate-like”

16. Staging System: A method used in cancer registers to identify specific and separate different stages or aspects of the disease

17. Surgical Resection: removal of tissue (in this case-bone). Done in the feet, wrist, thumbs or elbows to improve function and relieve pain

18. TNM Staging: a staging system based on the size of the tumor (T), the presence and position of abnormal lymph nodes (N), and the presence or absence of metastasis (or spread beyond the primary tumor site)

19. Transbronchial Needle Aspiration: technique of sampling lung tissue through a bronchoscope which involves passing a thin needle through a bronchus

20. Transthoracic Needle Biopsy: Technique of obtaining a biopsy of lung tissue by which a needle is passed into the chest, often guided by imaging