Are you ready to learn about Pulmonary Vascular Disease? If so then you’re in the right place, because that is what this study guide is all about.

The practice questions listed below correlate well with Egan’s Chapter 28, so you can use this information to prepare for your exams.

Let’s go ahead and dive right in!

What is Pulmonary Vascular Disease?

Basically, it is any condition that affects the blood vessels is the route between the lungs and the heart.

In its normal flow, blood travels from the heart to the lungs, and then back to the heart. This process is extremely important because the lungs are continually loading blood with oxygen. All the while, they are getting rid of carbon dioxide.

So if there is a disease that interferes with this flow, it goes without saying that this is a very serious problem for the patient.

What are the Causes of Pulmonary Vascular Disease?

The causes of Pulmonary Vascular Disease include the following:

  • Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
  • Pulmonary Venous Hypertension
  • Pulmonary Embolism
  • Chronic Thromboembolic Disease

What are the Tests for Pulmonary Vascular Disease?

The tests for Pulmonary Vascular Disease include the following:

  • Computed tomography (CT scan)
  • Ventilation/perfusion scan (V/Q scan)
  • Echocardiography (echocardiogram)
  • Right heart catheterization
  • Chest X-ray film
  • Pulmonary angiography (angiogram)

So now that you have a better understanding of Pulmonary Vascular Disease, so go ahead and go through some practice questions on this topic. This will really help you reinforce the information into your brain. Are you ready?

If your RT program is like mine, then you probably use the Egan’s Workbook. Don’t get me wrong, it’s a great workbook that can be helpful at times. The problem is, it takes way too long to look up all the answers.

To help with that, we looked up all the answers for you so that you don’t have to waste any more of your valuable time. Get instant access inside of our Workbook Helper. 🙂

Pulmonary Vascular Disease Practice Questions:

1. Deep Vein Thrombosis (D.V.T.): Blood clot forming in the deep veins, usually the legs

2. How can you detect a Pulmonary Embolism in patients?: Pulmonary embolism is detected by chest x-ray, pulmonary angiography, and radio scanning of the lung fields

3. IPAH is a rare disease but it normally affects what group of people?: Young Adults

4. Name some pharmacologic choices for prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism?: Low-dose subcutaneous heparin, Warfarin, low-molecular-weight heparin (enoxaparin) and dextran. These would be considered anticoagulation drug therapy.

5. Name the 5 categories Pulmonary Hypertension is classified as according to the Fourth World Symposium on Pulmonary Hypertension in 2008?: 1. Pulmonary Artery Hypertension (PAH), 2. Pulmonary Hypertension owing to left heart disease, 3. Pulmonary hypertension owing to lung diseases or hypoxia or both, 4. Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, 5. Pulmonary hypertension with unclear multifactorial mechanism.

6. Pulmonary Embolism (P.E.): Blockage of a pulmonary artery by foreign matter. The obstruction may be fat, air, tumor tissue, or a thrombosis that usually arises from a peripheral vein (most frequently arising from the deep veins of the legs)

7. Pulmonary Hypertension: Condition characterized by abnormally high pulmonary artery pressures. (i.e., mean pulmonary artery pressure greater than 25mm Hg at rest)

8. What do hospitalized patients who are immobile need for the prevention of thromboembolism?: Prophylaxis

9. What is Pulmonary Hypertension called in patients with no underlying etiology that can be identified?: Idiopathic Pulmonary Artery Hypertension (I.P.A.H.)

10. Why is early recognition and treatment of DVT and PE essential?: Because 1/3rd of deaths occur within 1 hour of symptom onset. Mortality rates in patients with PE undiagnosed is 30%; if venous thrombosis is recognized and managed, the mortality rate is less than 8%

Final Thoughts

And that officially wraps up our study guide on Pulmonary Vascular Disease. Thank you so much for reading all the way to the end. All of your hard work is going to pay off for you in a big way — I have no doubt about that. Keep working and studying hard and as always, breathe easy my friend.