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Egan’s Chapter 1 Practice Questions:
|Caregiver who acts as a physician extender after receiving additional education||physician assistant|
|national professional association for respiratory care||AARC|
|health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of optimum cardiopulmonary health||respiratory therapy|
|Name suggesting increased involvement in disease prevention and management and promotion of health and wellness||respiratory care|
|One of the primary treatments for asthma uses this method of delivery||aerosol medications|
|Widely prescribed in hospitals by the 1940s and still a mainstay of respiratory care||oxygen therapy|
|Organization responsible for the respiratory credentialing examination||NBRC|
|Iron lung is an example of this therapy that helps patients who cannot breathe||mechanical ventilation|
|Professional organization that accredits respiratory care schools and programs||CoARC|
|Heart and lungs working together is the “bread and butter” of our profession||cardiopulmonary system|
|Method to test the way that height, age, obesity, and disease alter lung function||pulmonary function test|
|Another name for the RT is this more formal term||respiratory care practitioner(s)|
|Individual trained to deliver care to patients with heart and lung disease||respiratory therapist(s)|
|Relieving obstruction is the key to this respiratory procedure||airway management|
|Large scale production of commercialized Oxygen was developed in 1907 by whom? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 8||Karl Von Linde|
|Who described his law of diffusion for gases (1831)Egan’s chapter 1 pg.6||Graham’s Law|
|CoARC Is a committee that is sponsored by what four organizations, to ensure that Respiratory Therapy follows accrediting standards endorsed by the AMA American Medical Association? Egan’s chapter 2 pg.19-20||AARC(American Association for Respiratory Care) ACCP(American College of Chest Physicians) ASA(American Society of Anesthesiologists) ATS(American Thoracic Society)|
|What does AARC stand for? Egan’s chapter 1 PG.11||AMERICAN ASSOCIATION for RESPIRATORY CARE|
|After world war one (1930) Ivan Magill introduced the use of what tube that made blind nasal intubation possible? Egan’s chapter1 pg. 10||Soft Rubber Endotracheal Tube|
|In 1911, what pulmotor ventilator was used in resuscitation? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 9||Heinrich(DRAGER)|
|What mask allows oxygen administration in percentages(1960)? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 9||Campbell(VENTIMASK)|
|What famous artist (1452-1519) studied human anatomy and determined that sub-atmospheric intrapleural pressures inflated the lungs? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 6||Leonardo Da Vinci|
|National Board for Respiratory Care(NBRC)is responsible for what? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 2||The NBRC is responsible for credentialing and examinations for Respiratory Therapists.|
|Which Greek physician is known as the “Father of Medicine”? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 4||HIPPOCRATES|
|In 1947, what organization is responsible for the first professional association for the field of Respiratory Care? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 11||Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA)|
|Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care. Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 12||CoARC|
|In 1808, who described the relationship between gas pressure and temperature? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 6||Joseph Louis GAY-LUSSAC|
|What organization in the 1980’s made a major push to introduce state licensure for Respiratory Care practitioners based on what other organization that provides credentialing? Egan’ chapter 1 pg. 11||AARC and NBRC|
|During the poilio epidemics of the 1930’s and 1950’s a commercial version of the Iron Lung was developed by two men who were they? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 9||Drinker and Emerson|
|The NBRC allows Respiratory Therapists to specialize in what certain areas? Egan’s chapter 2 pg. 20||NPS (Neonatal Pediatrics Specialist) PFT (Pulmonary Function Technologist)|
|The NBRC is considering new specialty credentialing examinations in what areas? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 12||polysomnography and Critical Care|
|In 1787, what is the law that describes the relationship between gas temperature and volume is? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 6||CHARLES LAW|
|Inhalation therapists provided what support therapy to help improve patients breathing? Egan’s chapter 1 pg. 11||OXYGEN THERAPY|
|What committee is responsible for reviewing educational programs for Respiratory Care? Egan’s chapter 2 pg. 19||CoARC|
|David Pierson predicted what?||Greater use of patient assessment protocols in disease management in all clinical settings, a more active role in palliative care, increasing emphasis on smoking cessation and prevention, and early detection and intervention in COPD, and an increase of using RTs in as home health coordinators and care givers.|
|What did Drinker and Emerson invent?||The Iron Lung|
|What did Joseph Black rediscover?||He rediscovered CO2 and he called it “dephlogisticated air|
|What did William Roentgen discover?||X-Rays|
|What does Karl von Linde contribute to the respiratory field?||Created large-scale commercial preparation of oxygen.|
|What is the AARC’s mission?||The American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) will continue to be the leading national and international professional association for respiratory care. The AARC will encourage and promote professional excellence, advance the science and practice of respiratory care, and serve as an advocate for patients, their families, the public, the profession and the respiratory therapist.|
|Which organization is responsible for accreditation in the respiratory care field?||Committee on Accreditation of Respiratory Care (CoARC).|
|Which organization is responsible for credentialing in the respiratory care field?||National Board of Respiratory Care (NBRC)|
|Who created the germ theory?||Louis Pasteur|
|Who described the law of partial pressures in a gas mixture?||John Dalton|
|Who described the relationship between gas pressure and temperatures?||Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac|
|Who described the relationship between gas volume and temperatures?||Jacques Charles|
|Who is credited with the discovery of oxygen?||Joseph Priestley|
|Who is the father of medicine?||Hippocrates|
|AAIT||1954: American Association for Inhalation Therapy
Advance the science and practice for respiratory care.
|AART||1973: American Association for Respiratory Therapy
Advocate for patients and their families.
|Aerosol Therapy||The administration of liquid or powdered aerosol particles via inhalation to achieve a desired therapeutic effect.|
|Airway Management||The use of various techniques and devices to establish and/or maintain a functional air passageway.|
|CoARC||Committee of Accreditation of Respiratory Care
Reviews Respiratory Care Educational Program
-responsible for ensuring that respiratory therapy educational programs follow accrediting standards.
|The first health care specialists appeared when?||1940s.|
|How many breaths do we breathe per minute?||12-18.|
|Hutchinson observed what?||The relationship between height and lung volume and that vital capacity decreases with age, obesity, and lung disease.|
|Inhalational Therapy Association (ITA)||Founded in 1947 in Chicago, it was the first professional association for the field of respiratory care.|
|Mechanical Ventilation||Refers to the use of a mechanical device to provide ventilatory support for patients.|
|The mission of the AARC||To “encourage and promote professional excellence, advance the science and practice of respiratory care, and serve as an advocate for patients, their families, the public, the profession and the respiratory therapist.|
|NBRC||National Board of Respiratory Care (founded in 1974).
The NBRC provides the credentialing process for both the entry-level CRT and the advanced-practitioner RRT. The American Registry of Inhalation Therapists was founded in 1960.
|Physician Assistant||Provide direct care services under the supervision of licensed physician who is specially trained in pulmonary medicine, anesthesiology, and critical care medicine.|
|Pulmonary function testing||Diagnostic procedure(s) that provide objective, quantifiable measures of lung function.|
|Respiratory Care||The health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of optimum cardiopulmonary function and health.|
|Respiratory Care Practitioners||A graduate of a CoARC accredited school designed to qualify the graduate for the registry examination of the National Board of Respiratory Care (NBRC).|
|The respiratory therapist of the future will do the following||Focus on patient assessment, care plan development, protocol administration, disease management and rehabilitation, and patient and family education, to include tobacco education and smoking cessation|
|Respiratory therapists (RTs)||Apply scientific principles to prevent, identify, and treat acute or chronic dysfunction of the cardiopulmonary system. Respiratory care includes the assessment, treatment, management control, diagnostic evaluation, education, and care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system.|
|What are the many names of the ITA? (4 total & dates)||The ITA became the American Association for Inhalation Therapists (AAIT) in 1945, the American Association for Respiratory Therapy (AART) in 1954, the American Association for Respiratory Therapy (ARRT) in 1973, and finally the American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) in 1982.|
|What does the AARC stand for and what is it?||1982: American Association for Respiratory Care. It is the professional association for the field.|
|What is in store for the future of respiratory therapy?||There will be an increase in demand for respiratory care because of advances in treatment and technology; increases in and aging of the population; and increases in the number of patients with asthma, COPD, and other cardiopulmonary diseases.|
|What is the FAARC award?||To recognize respiratory therapists and physician members who have done so in our profession.|
|What is the ICRC?||An AARC-sponsored organization dedicated to the globalization of quality respiratory care.|
|What is the purpose of ITA?||To encourage and promote professional excellence![provide for professional advancement, foster cooperation with physicians, and advance the knowledge of inhalation therapy through educational activities].|
|When aerosolized medication for the treatment of asthma begin?||1910|
|When did the first therapeutic administration of oxygen occur? When was it established, and when was it routinely used?||1798. Use of oxygen to treat respiratory disease became established by the 1920s, and oxygen was used routinely in hospitals by the 1940s.|
Egan’s Chapter 1 Test Bank:
1. AARC: American Association for Respiratory Care (Role: Provides education, advocacy, publications.
2. Aerosol Medications: One of the primary treatments for asthma uses this method of delivery.
3. Airway management: relieving obstruction is the key to this respiratory procedure.
4. Cardiopulmonary system: heart and lungs working together is the “bread and butter” of our profession.
5. CoARC: Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care (Role: Guides for school and accreditation)
6. Define respiratory care profession in your own words: The actual definition of respiratory therapy is “the health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of optimal cardiopulmonary function and health.”
7. Describe at least 4 careers that would open up as result of a baccalaureate or graduate education.: The general answer is management, supervision, research, and education. You can also become a case manager, a drug representative, or go on for graduate education in anesthesia or as a physician assistant.
8. Describe how RT school got started?: The first course in inhalation therapy was offered in 1950. Programs in the 1960s focused on teaching students the proper application of oxygen therapy, oxygen delivery systems, humidifiers, and nebulizers and the use of various IPPB devices.
9. Heroes are found in history. Name 3 important historical figures in respiratory care. pick one and briefly explain how this person might inspire you in your career!: Dr. David Pierson promoted the science of respiratory care and the use of protocols. He helped us elevate our practice. Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen, and Thomas Beddoes first used it.
10. How did respiratory profession get started?: The Inhalation Therapy Association (ITA) was the first professional association in respiratory care. The ITA became the American Association for Inhalation Therapists (AAIT) in 1954, the American Association for Respiratory Therapy (ARRT) in 1973, and the American Association for Respiratory Care (AARC) in 1982.
11. How is education and programs different from the early days tech’s?: Technician programs no longer exist.
12. Include at least THREE main concepts of RT profession: Main concepts include: assessment, treatment, management, control, diagnostic evaluation, education, and care of patients with deficiencies and abnormalities of the cardiopulmonary system. Respiratory care is increasingly involved in the prevention of respiratory disease, the management of patients with chronic respiratory disease, and the promotion of health and wellness.
13. In the future, there will be a(n)____ in demand for respiratory care due to advances in _____ and increase in ______ of the population.: In the future, there will be a(n) ((increase)) in demand for respiratory care due to advances in ((technology)) and increase in ((aging people with cardiopulmonary disease)) of the population.
14. The iron lung was used extensively during the ____ epidemics of the 1940s and 1950s.: The iron lung was used extensively during the ((Polio)) epidemics of the 1940s and 1950s.
15. The ___ is the professional organization for the field. It was started in 1947 and was called____.: The ((AARC)) is the professional organization for the field. It was started in 1947 and was called ((the inhalation Therapy Association)).
16. Mechanical ventilation: iron lung is an example of this therapy that helps patients who cannot breathe.
17. Name 3 major events in history of science & medicine that were foundations for respiratory physics or physiology.: 1. Discovery of oxygen in the 1770s by Priestley and Scheele. 2. Gas laws were discovered in the 1600s and 1700s, as well as the barometer. 3. Modern laws, like Daltons, came in 1801. Pasteur advanced germ theory in 1865.There are many more possible correct answers to this question!
18. NBRC: National Board for Respiratory Care (organization responsible for the respiratory credentialing examinations)
19. Oxygen Therapy: widely prescribed in hospitals by the 1940s and still a mainstay of respiratory care.
20. Physician Assistant: caregiver who acts as a physician extender after receiving additional education.
21. Pulmonary function testing: method to test the way that height, age, obesity, and disease alter lung function.
22. Respiratory Care: name suggesting increased involvement in disease prevention and management and promotion of health and wellness.
23. Respiratory care practitioner(s): is another name for the RT is this more formal term
24. Respiratory therapists apply scientific principles to____, identify, and _____ dysfunction of the cardiopulmonary system.: Respiratory therapists apply scientific principles to (prevent), identify, and (treat) dysfunction of the cardiopulmonary system.
25. Respiratory therapist’s: an individual trained to deliver care to patients with heart and lung disease.
26. Respiratory therapy: health care discipline that specializes in the promotion of optimum cardiopulmonary health.
27. Respiratory Therapy has 3 main professional associations what is the full name ?: CoARC: Committee on Accreditation for Respiratory Care, NBRC: National Board for Respiratory Care, AARC: American Association for Respiratory Care
28. What kind of programs do they have now for RT profession?: The new standard requires an associate degree for entry into the profession. There will be a need for individuals with more education so more baccalaureate and graduate education is needed.