Question Answer
PCWP Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure Normal 4-12 mm Hg
ICP Intercranial Pressure Normal value 5-10 mm Hg
Vital Capacity Normal Range 65-75 ml/kg
MAP Mean Arterial Pressure 93-96 mmHg
Ejection Fraction Normal 65-75%
Systemic Vascular Resistance <20 mm Hg/L min or 1600Dynes/sec/cm5
Pulmonary vascular Resistance <2.5 mm Hg/L/min or 200 Dynes/sec/cm5
At a normal venous blood PaO2 of 40 mm Hg what % saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen 73%
CVP Central Venous Pressure <6mm Hg
Right Arterial Pressure 2-6mm Hg
QT Cardiac Output 4.0-8.0 L/min
CI Cardiac Index 2.5-5.0 L/min/m2
Pulse Pressure 40 mm Hg
Stroke Volume 60-130 mL/Beat
Stroke Index 30-50 mL/beat.m2
L/S Ration Lecithin/Spingomyelin Ration 2:1 1:1 indicates increased risk
MVV Normal values Males: 160/min Females 120/min
Average Urine Output 40 mL/hr (1 L a day)
Normal Respiratory rate for Adult 12-20
Normal Respiratory rate for Newborn 30-60
Normal Blood Pressure for Newborn 60/40
Normal Pulse/Heart rate for Newborn 110-160
Normal Glucose for Newborn >30 mg/dL
Normal Dubowitz Scale Score 40
Normal New Ballard Score 40
Normal Birth Weight >3000g Term Infant 1000g 28 week gestation
Normal body temp. of infant 36.5 C
Normal Heart rate of adult 60-100
Platelet count Normal value 150,000-400,000/mm3
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time 24-32 Seconds
Prothrombin Time PT 12-15 Seconds
Thrombin time TT 7-12 seconds
RBC 4-6 mill/mm3
Hemoglobin (Hb) 12-16 gm
Hematocrit (Hct) 40-50%
WBC 5,000-10,000 per mm3
Potassium (K+) Normal 4.0mEq/L (range 3.5-4.5)
Sodium (Na+) Normal 140mEq/L (range 135-145)
Chloride (Cl-) Normal 90mEq/L (range 80-100)
Bicarbonate (HCO3-) 24mEq/L (range 22-26)
Creatinine 0.7-1.3mg/dL
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 8-25 mg/dL
PaCO2 35-45 mm Hg
PETCO2 30 torr (3-5%)
SaO2 Normal Range 93-97%
Normal COHb 1-3%
COHb for smokers 5-10%
COHb for Heavy smokeers 10-15%
Level for CO poisoning 20% or higher
Temperature skin is heated for transcutaneous monitoring 43-45 C
PAP Pulmonary Artery Pressure Normal value 25/8
PWP Pulmonary Wedge pressure Normal value 8-10mm Hg
CVP Central Venous Pressure 2-6mm Hg
Vacuum Pressure for suctioning used on Adult 100-120 mm Hg
What should the cuff pressure NOT exceed for intubation 20 mm Hg
The Tip of the tube should be how far above the carina 2 cm or 1 inch or at the aortic knob
What size blade is used for intubating an Adult, ped. and infant. 3 Adult 2 Pediatric 1 Term infant 0 Pre-term infant
What size ET Tube is used for intubation a full term Full Term 30-3.5 (based on 3000g) kg / 10
Oral Intubation- how far is the tube placed at the patient’s lips 21-25 cm
Nasal Intubation -how far is the tube placed at the patient nare 26-29 cm
VT Tidal Volume 5-8 ml/kg
VE Minute Ventilation 5-6/lpm
MIP Maximum inspiratory pressure -80 cmH2O <-20 cmH2O unacceptable
HCO3 22-26 mEq/L
VD/VT (%) DEADSPACE 20-40%

Question Normal Values
Right Arterial Press aka Central Venous Pressure(CVP)(RVEDP) 0-8 mmHg
Right Ventricular Pressure 15-25 mmHg Systolic 0-8 mmHg Diastolic
Pulmonary Artery Pressure 15-25 mmHg Systolic 8-15 mmHg Diastolic
Left Arterial Pressure aka Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure 4-12 mmHg *Value is same as LVEDP
Left Ventricular Pressure 110-130 mmHg Systolic 4-12 mmHg Diastolic (LVEDP)
Mean PA Pressure 10-20 mmHg *Mean Press=[Sys + 2(Diast)]/3
Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR) 900-1500 dynes x sec x cm^-5 *SVR=[MAP-CVP]/CO x 80
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR) 25-250 dynes x sec x cm^-5 *PVR=[Mean PAP-PCWP]/CO x 80
Arterial Blood Pressure 100-140 mmHg Systolic 60-90 mmHg Diastolic
Mean Arterial Blood Pressure 70-100 mmHg *Mean Press=[Sys + 2(Diast)]/3
Cardiac Output 4-8 lpm *SV x HR = CO
Cardiac Index (CI) 2.5-4 l/min/m² *CI= CO/BSA
Heart Rate 60-100 bpm
Stroke Volume 60-130 ml
Ejection Fraction 50-70% <30% indicate imminent heart failure
Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation (SvO2) 60-80%
Oxygen Content-Aterial (CaO2) Normal: 20 vol%
Oxygen Content-Venous (CvO2) Normal: 15 vol%
Oxygen Extraction C(a-v)O2 Normal: 5 vol%
How is the oxygen content determined? By adding O2 attached to Hgb (1.34xHgbx%sat) to the amount dissolved in plasma (PO2x0.003)
Oxygen Delivery/Transport (Do2) Normal: 750-1000 ml/min
Oxygen Consumption (VO2) Normal: 250 ml/min
Capillary Content of Oxygen (CcO2) Calculated value based on Hbg and alveolar air
Shunt Normal: <10%; 20-30% considered significant; >30% life threatening
Fick Equation VO2/[C(a-v)O2 x10]=CO also VO2=COx [C(a-v)O2x10

Question Answer
Vt(Tidal volume) 5-8mL/kg (normal) (unacceptable)<5mL/kg
VC (Vital capacity) 65-75 mL/kg (10xVt) (unacceptable)<10mL/kg (<2xVt)
f (Respiratory rate) 8-12bpm (unacceptable) <8 >20
Ve (Minute Ventialtion) 5-6L/min (unacceptable) >10 L/imn
MIP (Maximum inspiratory pressure) -80 cmH20 (unacceptable) <-20cmH20
RBC (red blood cells) 4-6 mill/cu mm
Hb (Hemogolbin) 12-16 gm/100ml
HCT (Hematocrit) 40-50%
WBC (White Blood Cells) 5,000-10,000/cu mm
Na+ (Sodium) 135-145 mEq/L
K+ (Potassium) 3.5-4.5 mEq/L
CI- (Chloride) 85-100 mEq/L
BUN (Blood Ure Nitrogen) 8-25 mg/dl
Glucose 70-150 mg/dl
Creatinine 0.7-103 mg/dl
Clotting time (Coagulation stddies) up to 6 min
APTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time) 24-32 sec
Platelet count 150,000-400,000/mm
PT (Prothrombin Time) 12-15 sec
TT(Thrombin Time) 7-12 sec
EKG HR (Adult Heart rate) 60-100 bpm
EKG (Badycardia) <60 bpm
EKG (Tachycarida) >100 bpm
VD/VT (ABG) 20-40% (40-60% on vent PT)
C(a-v)02 4-5 vol %
Cvo2 12-16 vol%
Cao2 17-20 vol%
Qs/Qt 5% (10-20% tolerable 20-30% life threatening)
PH 7.35-7.45
Pa02 80-100 torr
PaC02 30-45 torr
HC03 22-26 mEq/l
BP (Blood Pressure) 120/80 mmHg
MAP (Maen Arterial Pressure) 93-96 mmHg
CVP (Central Venous Pressure) 2-6 mmhg (4-12 cmH20)
PAP (Pulmonary Artery Pressure) 25/8 mmHg (mean 14)
PCWP (Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure) 4-12mmHg
CO (Cardiac Output or QT) 4-8 L/min
CI (Cardiac Index) 2.5-4.0 L/min/m2
SVR (Systemic Vascular Resistance) <20 mmHg/L/min x80 for Dynes
PRV (Pulmonary Vascular Resistance) <2.5 mmHg/L/min x80 for Dynes
Right Heart Failure Cor pulmonale = (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart Failure Lung Disorder (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart Failure Pulmomary Embolism (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart Failure Pulmonary Hypertension (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart Failure Air Embolism (CVP,PAP up) (PCWP DOWN)
Left Heart Failure Mitral valve stenosis (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart Failure CHF/Pulmonary edema (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart Failure High PEEP Effects (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart Failure Hypervolemia (PAP up, PCWP up QT UP!)
Left Heart Failure Hypovolemia (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)