PCWP Pulmonary Capillary Wedge PressureNormal 4-12 mm Hg
ICP Intercranial PressureNormal value 5-10 mm Hg
Vital CapacityNormal Range 65-75 ml/kg
MAP Mean Arterial Pressure93-96 mmHg
Ejection Fraction Normal65-75%
Systemic Vascular Resistance<20 mm Hg/L min or 1600Dynes/sec/cm5
Pulmonary vascular Resistance<2.5 mm Hg/L/min or 200 Dynes/sec/cm5
At a normal venous blood PaO2 of 40 mm Hg what % saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen73%
CVP Central Venous Pressure<6mm Hg
Right Arterial Pressure2-6mm Hg
QT Cardiac Output4.0-8.0 L/min
CI Cardiac Index2.5-5.0 L/min/m2
Pulse Pressure40 mm Hg
Stroke Volume60-130 mL/Beat
Stroke Index30-50 mL/beat.m2
L/S Ration Lecithin/Spingomyelin Ration2:1 1:1 indicates increased risk
MVVNormal values Males: 160/min Females 120/min
Average Urine Output40 mL/hr (1 L a day)
Normal Respiratory rate for Adult12-20
Normal Respiratory rate for Newborn30-60
Normal Blood Pressure for Newborn60/40
Normal Pulse/Heart rate for Newborn110-160
Normal Glucose for Newborn>30 mg/dL
Normal Dubowitz Scale Score40
Normal New Ballard Score40
Normal Birth Weight>3000g Term Infant 1000g 28 week gestation
Normal body temp. of infant36.5 C
Normal Heart rate of adult60-100
Platelet countNormal value 150,000-400,000/mm3
Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time24-32 Seconds
Prothrombin Time PT12-15 Seconds
Thrombin time TT7-12 seconds
RBC4-6 mill/mm3
Hemoglobin (Hb)12-16 gm
Hematocrit (Hct)40-50%
WBC5,000-10,000 per mm3
Potassium (K+)Normal 4.0mEq/L (range 3.5-4.5)
Sodium (Na+)Normal 140mEq/L (range 135-145)
Chloride (Cl-)Normal 90mEq/L (range 80-100)
Bicarbonate (HCO3-)24mEq/L (range 22-26)
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)8-25 mg/dL
PaCO235-45 mm Hg
PETCO230 torr (3-5%)
SaO2Normal Range 93-97%
Normal COHb1-3%
COHb for smokers5-10%
COHb for Heavy smokeers10-15%
Level for CO poisoning20% or higher
Temperature skin is heated for transcutaneous monitoring43-45 C
PAP Pulmonary Artery PressureNormal value 25/8
PWP Pulmonary Wedge pressureNormal value 8-10mm Hg
CVP Central Venous Pressure2-6mm Hg
Vacuum Pressure for suctioning used on Adult100-120 mm Hg
What should the cuff pressure NOT exceed for intubation20 mm Hg
The Tip of the tube should be how far above the carina2 cm or 1 inch or at the aortic knob
What size blade is used for intubating an Adult, ped. and infant.3 Adult 2 Pediatric 1 Term infant 0 Pre-term infant
What size ET Tube is used for intubation a full termFull Term 30-3.5 (based on 3000g) kg / 10
Oral Intubation- how far is the tube placed at the patient’s lips21-25 cm
Nasal Intubation -how far is the tube placed at the patient nare26-29 cm
VT Tidal Volume5-8 ml/kg
VE Minute Ventilation5-6/lpm
MIP Maximum inspiratory pressure-80 cmH2O <-20 cmH2O unacceptable
HCO322-26 mEq/L


QuestionNormal Values
Right Arterial Press aka Central Venous Pressure(CVP)(RVEDP)0-8 mmHg
Right Ventricular Pressure15-25 mmHg Systolic 0-8 mmHg Diastolic
Pulmonary Artery Pressure15-25 mmHg Systolic 8-15 mmHg Diastolic
Left Arterial Pressure aka Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure4-12 mmHg *Value is same as LVEDP
Left Ventricular Pressure110-130 mmHg Systolic 4-12 mmHg Diastolic (LVEDP)
Mean PA Pressure10-20 mmHg *Mean Press=[Sys + 2(Diast)]/3
Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR)900-1500 dynes x sec x cm^-5 *SVR=[MAP-CVP]/CO x 80
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR)25-250 dynes x sec x cm^-5 *PVR=[Mean PAP-PCWP]/CO x 80
Arterial Blood Pressure100-140 mmHg Systolic 60-90 mmHg Diastolic
Mean Arterial Blood Pressure70-100 mmHg *Mean Press=[Sys + 2(Diast)]/3
Cardiac Output4-8 lpm *SV x HR = CO
Cardiac Index (CI)2.5-4 l/min/m² *CI= CO/BSA
Heart Rate60-100 bpm
Stroke Volume60-130 ml
Ejection Fraction50-70% <30% indicate imminent heart failure
Mixed Venous Oxygen Saturation (SvO2)60-80%
Oxygen Content-Aterial (CaO2)Normal: 20 vol%
Oxygen Content-Venous (CvO2)Normal: 15 vol%
Oxygen Extraction C(a-v)O2Normal: 5 vol%
How is the oxygen content determined?By adding O2 attached to Hgb (1.34xHgbx%sat) to the amount dissolved in plasma (PO2x0.003)
Oxygen Delivery/Transport (Do2)Normal: 750-1000 ml/min
Oxygen Consumption (VO2)Normal: 250 ml/min
Capillary Content of Oxygen (CcO2)Calculated value based on Hbg and alveolar air
ShuntNormal: <10%; 20-30% considered significant; >30% life threatening
Fick EquationVO2/[C(a-v)O2 x10]=CO also VO2=COx [C(a-v)O2x10
Vt(Tidal volume)5-8mL/kg (normal) (unacceptable)<5mL/kg
VC (Vital capacity)65-75 mL/kg (10xVt) (unacceptable)<10mL/kg (<2xVt)
f (Respiratory rate)8-12bpm (unacceptable) <8 >20
Ve (Minute Ventialtion)5-6L/min (unacceptable) >10 L/imn
MIP (Maximum inspiratory pressure)-80 cmH20 (unacceptable) <-20cmH20
RBC (red blood cells)4-6 mill/cu mm
Hb (Hemogolbin)12-16 gm/100ml
HCT (Hematocrit)40-50%
WBC (White Blood Cells)5,000-10,000/cu mm
Na+ (Sodium)135-145 mEq/L
K+ (Potassium)3.5-4.5 mEq/L
CI- (Chloride)85-100 mEq/L
BUN (Blood Ure Nitrogen)8-25 mg/dl
Glucose70-150 mg/dl
Creatinine0.7-103 mg/dl
Clotting time (Coagulation stddies)up to 6 min
APTT (Activated Partial Thromboplastin Time)24-32 sec
Platelet count150,000-400,000/mm
PT (Prothrombin Time)12-15 sec
TT(Thrombin Time)7-12 sec
EKG HR (Adult Heart rate)60-100 bpm
EKG (Badycardia)<60 bpm
EKG (Tachycarida)>100 bpm
VD/VT (ABG)20-40% (40-60% on vent PT)
C(a-v)024-5 vol %
Cvo212-16 vol%
Cao217-20 vol%
Qs/Qt5% (10-20% tolerable 20-30% life threatening)
Pa0280-100 torr
PaC0230-45 torr
HC0322-26 mEq/l
BP (Blood Pressure)120/80 mmHg
MAP (Maen Arterial Pressure)93-96 mmHg
CVP (Central Venous Pressure)2-6 mmhg (4-12 cmH20)
PAP (Pulmonary Artery Pressure)25/8 mmHg (mean 14)
PCWP (Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure)4-12mmHg
CO (Cardiac Output or QT)4-8 L/min
CI (Cardiac Index)2.5-4.0 L/min/m2
SVR (Systemic Vascular Resistance)<20 mmHg/L/min x80 for Dynes
PRV (Pulmonary Vascular Resistance)<2.5 mmHg/L/min x80 for Dynes
Right Heart FailureCor pulmonale = (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart FailureLung Disorder (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart FailurePulmomary Embolism (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart FailurePulmonary Hypertension (CVP,PAP UP) (PCWP DOWN)
Right Heart FailureAir Embolism (CVP,PAP up) (PCWP DOWN)
Left Heart FailureMitral valve stenosis (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart FailureCHF/Pulmonary edema (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart FailureHigh PEEP Effects (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)
Left Heart FailureHypervolemia (PAP up, PCWP up QT UP!)
Left Heart FailureHypovolemia (PAP up, PCWP up QT down)