Question Answer
Vital Signs are… Pulse, Respiratory Rate, Blood Pressure, Body Temp., and Pulse Ox
Normal pulse 60-100 beats/minute
Where can you get pulse? The radial, brachial, femoral, and corotid arteries.
Normal respiratory rate 12-20 breaths/minute
Normal Blood Pressure 110-120/70-80
Normal Temperature Oral:97.7-99.5 F (36.5-37.5 C) Axillary: 96.7-98.5 F (35.9-36.9 C) Rectal or ear: 98.7- 100.5 F (37.1- 38.1 C)
Normal Pulse Oximetry 95-99% or greater than 93%
Normal Heart Rate 60-100
Low Pulse Ox is a good indicator of? Hypoxemia
What are complications with pulse oximeters? low perfusion incorrectly fitted probe vascular bed is not pulsating dark finger nails, light unable to pass through
what is the accuracy range on a pulse oximeter? + or – 4%
What is a peak flow meter? And how is it used? equipment that measures a patient’s exhalation reservoir. the patient is asked to take a deep breath and blowing with all their strength to move the indicator into their green zone.
what is the heart rate for someone who is bradycardic? <60
What is the respiratory rate for someone who is tachypnic? >20
What is the blood pressure for someone with hypotension? <90/60
What is the breathing rate of someone who is Apneustic? long gasping inspirations with insufficient expiration
What are the primary causes for Eupnea? the normal physiology of being a human being
Identify the following breathing pattern: Fast and deep breaths with periods of apnea, no set rhythm. Biot’s
Which breathing pattern is normal in newborns and elderly, but abnormal for healthy adults? Cheynes-Stokes
What is a major tool in finding vital sign? stethoscope
What possible causes are Kussmaul’s breath sounds an indicator of? DKA, severe hemorrhage, peritonitis, renal failure, and uremia
What is the heart rate for a newborn? 90-180
How would you describe a patient with a pulse strength of 3? full, increased
If a patient’s heart rate is greater than 100b/min you would say the patient is….? tachycardic
What is DKA? Diabetic Ketoeacidosis. A shortage of insulin which causes the body to burn fatty acids and produce acidic ketone bodies.

Question Answer
What are Vital Signs Pulse, Respiration, Blood Pressure along with body temperature
What is the normal pulse rate for adult 60/100 beats/min
Pulse Rate and Rhythm can be measure by what It can be measured by auscultation or palpation of any artery
What ways can pulse be checked Radial Artery, Brachial Artery, Femoral Artery, Carotid artery and Pedal
Which artery is most commonly used to check for a pulse Radial Artery
How is pulse calculated The pulse is counted for 15 seconds and multiplied by 4 to get beats/min
What is the normal respiratory rate 12-20 breaths/min
How is respiratory rate measured By inspection of the movement of the chest for 1 minute
What is the normal blood pressure for adults 110-120/70-80
What is used to measure blood pressure Sphygmomanometer
What are the ways Body temperature can be measured orally, rectally, or axillary
What is normal Body temperature 37 degree Celsius ( 97 degrees F)
What is fever Higher than normal body temperature (hyperthermia)
What are Vital Signs Pulse, Respiration, Blood Pressure along with body temperature
What is the normal pulse rate for adult 60/100 beats/min
Pulse Rate and Rhythm can be measure by what It can be measured by auscultation or palpation of any artery
What ways can pulse be checked Radial Artery, Brachial Artery, Femoral Artery, Carotid artery and Pedal
Which artery is most commonly used to check for a pulse Radial Artery
How is pulse calculated The pulse is counted for 15 seconds and multiplied by 4 to get beats/min
What is the normal respiratory rate 12-20 breaths/min
How is respiratory rate measured By inspection of the movement of the chest for 1 minute
What is the normal blood pressure for adults 110-120/70-80
What is used to measure blood pressure Sphygmomanometer
What are the ways Body temperature can be measured orally, rectally, or axillary
What is normal Body temperature 37 degree Celsius ( 97 degrees F)
What is fever Higher than normal body temperature
What does pulse oximetry estimate non-invasively estimates hemoglobin oxygen saturation of arterial blood
What is the normal pulse oximetry 95%-99% for adults 91%-96% for children
What factors affect the accuracy of pulse oximetry reading Lots of movement, Bright light, extreme cold, extreme darkness, high methemoglobin
Respiratory rate less than 12 Bradypnea
Respiratory rate greater than 12 tachypnea
heart rate less than 60 Bradycardia
Heart rate greater than 100 Tachycardia
What is Hypotension blood pressure less than 90/60
what is hypertension Blood pressure greater than 140/90

 

Question Answer
Oral Temperature 97 – 99.5F (36.5 – 37.5C)
Axillary Temperature 96.7 – 98.5F (35.9 – 36.9F)
Rectal/Ear Temperature 98.7 – 100.5F (37.1 – 38.1C)
Newborn Pulse 90 – 170/min
1 year old pulse 80 – 160/min
Preschool pulse 80 – 120/min
10 year old pulse 70 – 110/min
Adult pulse 60 – 100/min
<1 month old blood pressure (3000g) 80/46
3-6 year old blood pressure 94/52
6-10 year old blood pressure 98/62
11-13 year old blood pressure 106/66
14-19 year old blood pressure girl 108/64
14-19 year old boy blood pressure boy 116/68
20+ year old blood pressure 120/80


Question Answer
what is a normal respiratory rate 12-20 breaths per min
what is a normal heart rate 60-100 beats per min
systolic the top number which measures the pressure in the artery when the heart beats
diastolic measures the pressure in the arteries when the heart muscle is resting
what is a normal blood pressure 110-120/70-80
the strentgh (amplitude) of pulse 4-bounding 3-full, increased 2-normal 1-diminished 0-absent
bradycardia slower than normal heart rate <60 beats per min
tachycardia faster than normal heart rate >100 beats per min
hypotension low blood pressure, which can cause dizziness or fainting <90/60
hypertension high blood pressure, which can cause heart disease >140/90
Breathing Pattern: eupnea normal rate (12-20), normal rhythm, Sigh 7/hr causes: normal physiology
Breathing Pattern: apnea absence of breathing causes: respiratory or cardiac arrest, increase intracarnial pressure
Breathing Pattern: bradypnea slow rate (<10 bpm), regular rhythm causes:normal during sleep, brain tumors, diabetic coma, drugs (alchol narcotics), increased intracranial pressure, metabolic alkalosis
Breathing Pattern: tachypnea increased rate (>25 bpm), regular rhythm causes: anxiety, atelectasis, brain lesions, drugs (aspirin), exercise, fear, fever, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, hypoxia, metabolic acidosis, obesity, pain
Breathing Pattern: hypopnea decreased depth of breathing, normal rate, regular rhythm causes: circulatory failure, meningitis, unconsciousness
Breathing Pattern: hyperpnea increased depth of breathing, normal rate, regular rhythm causes: exertion, fever, pain, respiratory disease
Breathing Pattern: apneustic long gasping inspirations with insufficient expiration causes: lesions in the pneumotaxic center
Breathing Pattern: biot’s fast and deep breaths with periods of apnea, no set rhythm causes: spinal meningitis, increased intracranial pressure, CNS lesions or disease
Breathing Pattern: cheynes stokes increased breaths (rate and depth) then decreasing breaths followed by periods of apnea (20-60 sec) causes: normal newborns and aged, CHF, aortic valve lesion, dissecting aneurysm, increased CO2 sensitivity meningitis, increased intracranial pressure
Breathing Pattern: kussmaul’s fast and deep breaths like sighs with no expiratory phase causes: DKA- diabetic ketoacidosis, severe hemorrhage, peritonitis, renal failure, uremia
Pulse Oximeter noninvasely estimates the hemoglobin oxygen saturation of arterial bloold, they have an accuracy of ±4%, most only measure the percentage of HbO2 relative to the sum of HbO2 and Hb (functional saturation)
Types of Pulse Oximetry Probes: finer probe, foot probe, toe probe, forehead probe, ear probe
Normal Pulse Oximetry (SpO2) for and adult and child adult: 95-99% child:91-96%
SpO2 for Hypoxemia in an Adult mild: 91-94% moderate: 87-90% severe: <87%
SpO2 for Hypoxemia in a Child mild: 88-90% moderate: 76-87% severe: <75%
normal oral temperature 97.7- 99.5 F 36.5- 37.5 C
normal axillary temperatue 96.7- 98.5 F 35.9- 36.9 C
normal rectal and ear temperature 98.7- 100 F 37.1- 38.1 C
can cool or heated aerosols affect a temperature reading? yes it can