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QuestionAnswer
Vital Signs are…Pulse, Respiratory Rate, Blood Pressure, Body Temp., and Pulse Ox
Normal pulse60-100 beats/minute
Where can you get pulse?The radial, brachial, femoral, and corotid arteries.
Normal respiratory rate12-20 breaths/minute
Normal Blood Pressure110-120/70-80
Normal TemperatureOral:97.7-99.5 F (36.5-37.5 C) Axillary: 96.7-98.5 F (35.9-36.9 C) Rectal or ear: 98.7- 100.5 F (37.1- 38.1 C)
Normal Pulse Oximetry95-99% or greater than 93%
Normal Heart Rate60-100
Low Pulse Ox is a good indicator of?Hypoxemia
What are complications with pulse oximeters?low perfusion incorrectly fitted probe vascular bed is not pulsating dark finger nails, light unable to pass through
what is the accuracy range on a pulse oximeter?+ or – 4%
What is a peak flow meter? And how is it used?equipment that measures a patient’s exhalation reservoir. the patient is asked to take a deep breath and blowing with all their strength to move the indicator into their green zone.
what is the heart rate for someone who is bradycardic?<60
What is the respiratory rate for someone who is tachypnic?>20
What is the blood pressure for someone with hypotension?<90/60
What is the breathing rate of someone who is Apneustic?long gasping inspirations with insufficient expiration
What are the primary causes for Eupnea?the normal physiology of being a human being
Identify the following breathing pattern: Fast and deep breaths with periods of apnea, no set rhythm.Biot’s
Which breathing pattern is normal in newborns and elderly, but abnormal for healthy adults?Cheynes-Stokes
What is a major tool in finding vital sign?stethoscope
What possible causes are Kussmaul’s breath sounds an indicator of?DKA, severe hemorrhage, peritonitis, renal failure, and uremia
What is the heart rate for a newborn?90-180
How would you describe a patient with a pulse strength of 3?full, increased
If a patient’s heart rate is greater than 100b/min you would say the patient is….?tachycardic
What is DKA?Diabetic Ketoeacidosis. A shortage of insulin which causes the body to burn fatty acids and produce acidic ketone bodies.

QuestionAnswer
What are Vital SignsPulse, Respiration, Blood Pressure along with body temperature
What is the normal pulse rate for adult60/100 beats/min
Pulse Rate and Rhythm can be measure by whatIt can be measured by auscultation or palpation of any artery
What ways can pulse be checkedRadial Artery, Brachial Artery, Femoral Artery, Carotid artery and Pedal
Which artery is most commonly used to check for a pulseRadial Artery
How is pulse calculatedThe pulse is counted for 15 seconds and multiplied by 4 to get beats/min
What is the normal respiratory rate12-20 breaths/min
How is respiratory rate measuredBy inspection of the movement of the chest for 1 minute
What is the normal blood pressure for adults110-120/70-80
What is used to measure blood pressureSphygmomanometer
What are the ways Body temperature can be measuredorally, rectally, or axillary
What is normal Body temperature37 degree Celsius ( 97 degrees F)
What is feverHigher than normal body temperature (hyperthermia)
What are Vital SignsPulse, Respiration, Blood Pressure along with body temperature
What is the normal pulse rate for adult60/100 beats/min
Pulse Rate and Rhythm can be measure by whatIt can be measured by auscultation or palpation of any artery
What ways can pulse be checkedRadial Artery, Brachial Artery, Femoral Artery, Carotid artery and Pedal
Which artery is most commonly used to check for a pulseRadial Artery
How is pulse calculatedThe pulse is counted for 15 seconds and multiplied by 4 to get beats/min
What is the normal respiratory rate12-20 breaths/min
How is respiratory rate measuredBy inspection of the movement of the chest for 1 minute
What is the normal blood pressure for adults110-120/70-80
What is used to measure blood pressureSphygmomanometer
What are the ways Body temperature can be measuredorally, rectally, or axillary
What is normal Body temperature37 degree Celsius ( 97 degrees F)
What is feverHigher than normal body temperature
What does pulse oximetry estimatenon-invasively estimates hemoglobin oxygen saturation of arterial blood
What is the normal pulse oximetry95%-99% for adults 91%-96% for children
What factors affect the accuracy of pulse oximetry readingLots of movement, Bright light, extreme cold, extreme darkness, high methemoglobin
Respiratory rate less than 12Bradypnea
Respiratory rate greater than 12tachypnea
heart rate less than 60Bradycardia
Heart rate greater than 100Tachycardia
What is Hypotensionblood pressure less than 90/60
what is hypertensionBlood pressure greater than 140/90

 

QuestionAnswer
Oral Temperature97 – 99.5F (36.5 – 37.5C)
Axillary Temperature96.7 – 98.5F (35.9 – 36.9F)
Rectal/Ear Temperature98.7 – 100.5F (37.1 – 38.1C)
Newborn Pulse90 – 170/min
1 year old pulse80 – 160/min
Preschool pulse80 – 120/min
10 year old pulse70 – 110/min
Adult pulse60 – 100/min
<1 month old blood pressure (3000g)80/46
3-6 year old blood pressure94/52
6-10 year old blood pressure98/62
11-13 year old blood pressure106/66
14-19 year old blood pressure girl108/64
14-19 year old boy blood pressure boy116/68
20+ year old blood pressure120/80
QuestionAnswer
what is a normal respiratory rate12-20 breaths per min
what is a normal heart rate60-100 beats per min
systolicthe top number which measures the pressure in the artery when the heart beats
diastolicmeasures the pressure in the arteries when the heart muscle is resting
what is a normal blood pressure110-120/70-80
the strentgh (amplitude) of pulse4-bounding 3-full, increased 2-normal 1-diminished 0-absent
bradycardiaslower than normal heart rate <60 beats per min
tachycardiafaster than normal heart rate >100 beats per min
hypotensionlow blood pressure, which can cause dizziness or fainting <90/60
hypertensionhigh blood pressure, which can cause heart disease >140/90
Breathing Pattern: eupneanormal rate (12-20), normal rhythm, Sigh 7/hr causes: normal physiology
Breathing Pattern: apneaabsence of breathing causes: respiratory or cardiac arrest, increase intracarnial pressure
Breathing Pattern: bradypneaslow rate (<10 bpm), regular rhythm causes:normal during sleep, brain tumors, diabetic coma, drugs (alchol narcotics), increased intracranial pressure, metabolic alkalosis
Breathing Pattern: tachypneaincreased rate (>25 bpm), regular rhythm causes: anxiety, atelectasis, brain lesions, drugs (aspirin), exercise, fear, fever, hypercapnia, hypoxemia, hypoxia, metabolic acidosis, obesity, pain
Breathing Pattern: hypopneadecreased depth of breathing, normal rate, regular rhythm causes: circulatory failure, meningitis, unconsciousness
Breathing Pattern: hyperpneaincreased depth of breathing, normal rate, regular rhythm causes: exertion, fever, pain, respiratory disease
Breathing Pattern: apneusticlong gasping inspirations with insufficient expiration causes: lesions in the pneumotaxic center
Breathing Pattern: biot’sfast and deep breaths with periods of apnea, no set rhythm causes: spinal meningitis, increased intracranial pressure, CNS lesions or disease
Breathing Pattern: cheynes stokesincreased breaths (rate and depth) then decreasing breaths followed by periods of apnea (20-60 sec) causes: normal newborns and aged, CHF, aortic valve lesion, dissecting aneurysm, increased CO2 sensitivity meningitis, increased intracranial pressure
Breathing Pattern: kussmaul’sfast and deep breaths like sighs with no expiratory phase causes: DKA- diabetic ketoacidosis, severe hemorrhage, peritonitis, renal failure, uremia
Pulse Oximeternoninvasely estimates the hemoglobin oxygen saturation of arterial bloold, they have an accuracy of ±4%, most only measure the percentage of HbO2 relative to the sum of HbO2 and Hb (functional saturation)
Types of Pulse Oximetry Probes:finer probe, foot probe, toe probe, forehead probe, ear probe
Normal Pulse Oximetry (SpO2) for and adult and childadult: 95-99% child:91-96%
SpO2 for Hypoxemia in an Adultmild: 91-94% moderate: 87-90% severe: <87%
SpO2 for Hypoxemia in a Childmild: 88-90% moderate: 76-87% severe: <75%
normal oral temperature97.7- 99.5 F 36.5- 37.5 C
normal axillary temperatue96.7- 98.5 F 35.9- 36.9 C
normal rectal and ear temperature98.7- 100 F 37.1- 38.1 C
can cool or heated aerosols affect a temperature reading?yes it can